According to Dr. Daniel Michaels, frostbite is considered the greatest threat to the extremities.
Long term impacts of frostbite include amputation of the toes or fingers as well as pain while trying to warm the limbs back up. Numbness can also occur, says Michaels.
Certain clothing to stay away from include cotton, which Michael says is easy for cold temperatures to come through. He suggests people wear synthetic clothing like wool and layer up.
“When you’re out in the cold, your body works hard to stay warm by altering blood flow toward your heart and lungs,” Michaels said. “This leaves your extremities – arms, legs and feet – vulnerable to cold injury, especially toes and fingers.”